are a number of different styles of rock climbing.
ethics of free climbing requires the climber complete the route without
using artificial means and that the safety equipment is only ever used to
arrest a fall.
quite unethical practices have emerged, these include the cutting or
chipping holds into the rock. Thankfully this form of vandalism is not
widespread, thanks mostly to the efforts of climbers committed to the
preservation of this scarce and valuable resource.
ethics extend further within the category of free climbing depending on
whether the climber studies and plans the climb. If a climber simply walks
up to a route, quickly examines it before successfully completing the
climb, this is considered an “On Sight” attempt. However, if the
climber used a telescope, watched another climber or discussed the climb
before completing it, then this would be a “Red Point” attempt. These
categories were defined to differentiate the abilities of the “On
Sight” climber to spontaneously and independently choreograph their
those climbs that are simply too difficult to be climbed free, climber places equipment to form an anchor and then climbs
use the equipment to advance. This technique is known as Aid Climbing or
it is surpassingly complicated and progress is slow with the climber using
a rope or webbing ladder to attach to their protection. Some members of
the climbing community consider Aiding as unethical especially when destructive pitons are
hammered into cracks, damaging the rock.
the name suggests this form of climbing is an individual activity where
the climber chooses not to use safety
equipment. As you might imagine solo climbers are a special and very
confident bread, who typically don’t live past their first fall.
Bouldering is an excellent way to practice your
climbing technique with minimal equipment. Due to the risk of injury from
a fall, bouldering is normally limited to a maximum height of 2 metres.
this reason Soloing is not recommended.